A Few Cautions About CPR

warning-alert-signEveryone has heard of or seen it, be it in real life or in a move. It it the most commonly known first aid procedure and is ubiquitous with first-aid itself: CPR.

It’s a fairly straightforward activity: someone has stopped breathing on their own, and you manipulate their chest and lungs to continue respiration and circulations for them. This can lead to an immediate recovery or keep the person alive long enough to render more professional or invasive help. But what many people don’t know is that if you don’t know what you are doing, you can actually cause more harm than good.

This is in no way intended to discourage people from trying to help someone in need. But there re a few things to know and be aware of. First, you need to be absolutely sure that the victim isn’t breathing on their own. Next, (especially if you are dealing with a child) you need to know how much pressure to put on the chest to affect circulation without causing damage. Also, for the respiration, you can easily damage the lungs of a child or baby if you don’t know how much air to pass to them.

This is why actual CPR training is important. Getting the proper instruction can not only make it safer for you to deliver this procedure, but can also make you much more effective and likely to get results. Proper training is done with a trained and sometimes experienced instructor, and the class will have the proper tool, like CPR manikins which can be used to practice all elements of the training.

Getting the proper instruction is crucial for any medical or first aid procedure, so don’t think that just reading about how it’s done will make you an expert. Take the time to really arm yourself with the know-how to save a life.

Proper Patient Transportation

Immediately after an accident, you’ll want to place the victim into the best position possible depending on the given injury. For example, you’ll usually want to keep the legs elevated should there be a cut on the legs, so as to reduce blood flow to the area. But after a particularly violent (and sometimes not so violent) jolt, you’ll want to keep the patient still. After all, you don’t know what kind of internal damage may be present, and moving the patient may make things worse.

Punctured lungs and other organs can result from improperly moving a victim. Broken bones may move about and cause damage to the surrounding tissues, so if you are in doubt, keep the victim as still as possible. Don’t permit them to get up. The obvious exception would be if they are still in harm’s way, in which case you’ll try to move them as carefully as possible from the danger zone.

stretcherNow, there is also equipment that can be utilized in transporting a patient safely. The most common of these is a good old fashioned stretcher. It allows the patient to keep a rigid position while making it easy for paramedics to move the person. There are also more specialized devices, like a stair chair, which is designed to help move someone who is otherwise incapacitated up and down flights of stairs, without causing harm to the person attempting to move them. Having access to the proper equipment allows for safe transportation not just of the patient, but also those doing the transporting.

So while this may not be the first thing on the mind of a first responder, it is indeed a point that deserves some careful consideration.

 

 

Common Medical Procedures

1438223386vrue1In the world of medicine and urgent care, there are a few life-saving procedures that it’s important to know about. These are the ones that can literally make the difference between life and death in an emergency situation, so it is important that they are well-known.

CPR

This is one that everyone should immediately recognize. It is the action of pumping the heart and breathing for another who has stopped normal breathing. It can be learned by virtually anyone and be practiced to proficiency in a short time.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-cpr/basics/art-20056600

Heimlich Maneuver

This is a procedure designed to help those who are choking. People who are choking need immediate help as they can pass out and suffocate in a relatively short time. The procedure is simple and no formal training is required to learn it.

http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/choking-rescue-procedure-heimlich-maneuver-adult-or-child-older-than-1-year

Tourniquets

In the event of severe bleeding, a tourniquet can save a life. They tend to get a bad reputation as they are often associated with amputations, but in a serious situation, would you rather lose a leg, or lose your life?

http://firstaid.about.com/od/bleedingcontrol/ss/07_tourniquet.htm

These procedures can be crucial skills to have. You can usually find local classes that will teach them to you so the you can be expert in their application (especially in CPR). You can also get training aids and equipment (like the ones found at this link) to help you better prepare yourself for their use.

 

Medical Training Manikins

When it comes to working on the human body, there’s no such thing as too much preparedness. This is why there are a whole slew of different medical training aids available to help doctors-in-training learn their way around the human anatomy.

In the old days, one would rely on sketches or cadavers in order to familiarize themselves with the human body. While this was indeed useful, it failed in one specific area in that if you were learning how to handle a specific condition, you would have to either get lucky and find a patient with the condition, or you’d just have to take the description from the teacher. Not every cadaver would have the same characteristics, so training on specific procedures would be difficult. This is where medical training manikins come into play.

A medical manikin is a dummy of the human body in greater or lesser detail. They range from just a certain part of the body, to a full representation of a complete human. Some are designed for training only on a specific procedure, and others, like the Susie Simon with Ostomy, can simulate a wide variety of medical procedures and routines.

These manikins work very well in giving medical students a realistic experience so that when it comes time for them to work on an actual patient, they have a high level of familiarity already. This not only boosts confidence in the student, but also improves effectiveness in the real world. These tools are an invaluable and indispensable part of modern medical training.

 

Advancements in Medical Training

medical drawingMedical training has come a long way from its earliest beginnings. Medical students in the early years would have to rely of drawings of the body’s systems and listen to descriptions from doctors who had performed certain procedures. Sure, there were cadavers, but there wasn’t always a supply of them and so it was easy to miss being able to see the real thing during one’s medical training.

Now, modern, and old technology provide all the resources necessary to train first-rate doctors and other medical experts.

Modern technology would of course be video and 3d simulation. Now, students can literally see scans of the entire human body, from head to toe. 3d representations of organs and their functions allow students to gain a never before obtainable reality on how a living human body works, not just seeing one post mortem. These tools greatly enhance understanding of the basics of anatomy.

Then there’s the old school, yet still useful methods. Moulage kits allow students to see simulated injuries and other medical phenomena. This way they are prepared for the various conditions and states they may have to confront their patients in during treatment. Nothing has to be left to surprise the fledgling doctor when he has already seen it and handled it during his training.

These types of methodologies are proven and very beneficial. After all, it doesn’t take long to ascertain if a doctor’s medical training was worth it or not. In a profession such as this, we can’t afford to have anything short of the best in terms of education, and that’s what these various methods provide.

There has never been a better time to train in the medical field. The doctors of yesteryear would be very jealous indeed of what modern medical schools have to offer.

Medical Supplies On The Go

first-aid-kitA medical emergency can occur at any time, and in any place. So it it essential that one has the proper tools and equipment to hand at all times if one is to assist at a time of medical emergency. Normally, people have a first aid kit at home. This is all good and well, but it will do nothing for you if you are not at home. This is why it is essential to have a first aid kit that goes where you do.

The simplest and most effective solution is to have a kit in your car. This way no matter if you are at work or out at the store, you have the right supplies in reach. While this kit will probably not be as extensive as your home kit, it should still include the basics: bandages, gauze, tape, alcohol, iodine, aspirin, burn creams, tweezers, etc. This can all be packed into a relatively small space and so fit in the glove box of your car.

But you can take it even one step further and arrange a kit that is small enough to fit in a purse or even a wallet. One can take a couple of already moistened alcohol swabs and a packed of aspirin powder and wrap it in some gauze. Then place it in a tiny plastic bag (like those used for fishing hooks) and put a few strips of tape on the bag itself. This extremely compact kit will allow you to treat cuts and fever which are quite common. This may not seem like much, but in lieu of carrying a full medical bag, this could come in handy.

So always make sure that you are prepared to deliver first aid wherever and whenever it may be needed.

Beyond Learning First Aid

Ffirst-aid-stationirst aid is an absolutely necessary and vital thing to learn. You will get the crucial information needed to address and treat basic wounds, cuts, burns, broken bones and other medical situations. But after first aid is well learned, what then?

There is certainly more than can be studied to make one even more adept at handling medical emergencies. But with such a wide range of areas to choose from, where should you start? Well, this is actually a pretty easy question to answer.

You should learn that which has more of a likelihood of happening around you based on where you live/work or what you do. For example, if you work outdoors in a warm areas, learning how to treat dehydration would be a good start. If you were out in the woods a lot, then learning how to treat animal bites and lesions would be the route to go. Basically, just pick those things that you would be most likely to encounter.

Obviously, you should branch out from there if you still have a desire to learn. But this would be further education. After first aid (which always comes first), pick that which you will likely see in your day to day life.

Learning about these things is also a lot easier once you have a basic knowledge of first aid as you may only have to read about a few techniques to learn how to apply them as you will already have a working knowledge of some basic medical procedures. So don’t limit yourself to just one area of expertise. Also, remember to revisit your training from time to time so that you remember well what you have learned. Nothing worse than being faced with a situation you once knew how to handle but now forgot.

Finally, make sure you have the right equipment for the job. You’ll need a comprehensive medical kit that you can keep with you at all times. So pick one up (like the one found here).

The Benefit Of Professional Medical Training Tools

anatomy-high-techWe no longer live in an age where if you need to practice some medical procedure, you need a live patient to undergo that procedure in front of you so that you can see how it’s done. With internet and video, almost any medical student can see exactly how these types of things, both routine and uncommon, are performed. But while this is a great advancement of the medical training of yesteryear, is it really enough?

Seeing is one thing, but doing is another thing altogether. There’s no substitute for being able to get a hands-on experience, especially in a field as delicate as medicine. This is where the importance of anatomical models comes in.

An anatomical model is a life-like representation of a part of, or a complete human body. It contains the internal structure that is to be dealt with and shows it with accuracy. This allows students to actually “feel” the parts of the body, internal or otherwise, that they will be dealing with without the need for a cadaver. This is both a more sanitary and convenient way of showing students just what they need to be prepared in the field.

While some may say that these models are expensive, consider that just one well-made model completely removes the need for a cadaver at that stage of practice. It is definitely more economical in the l0ng run.

Obviously students will eventually need to get their hands dirty, meaning work on an actual human body, but for earlier training purposes, a model will suffice quite well.

These models have come a long way and now are very, very close to the real deal, both in appearance, and (for some) also in texture. They are an invaluable aid for doctors and medical students.